Which type of vegetation is most spread in India?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 1st, 2022

Tropical deciduous vegetation is the most spread in India. They are monsoon forests, covering regions that receive rainfall between 70-200 cm. Based on the water availability, these forests are again divided into dry and moist deciduous forests. Natural vegetation is the endowment of nature, and they grow by following the climatic variables naturally.

6 Different Types of Vegetation in India

The natural vegetation types are based on the soil, precipitation, topography, and climate. Check out the 6 different types of vegetation in India.

Tropical Evergreen Rain Forests:

  • These forests are found in places where precipitation is above 200 cm.
  • They are found mainly in Northeastern Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Assam, the Terai areas of the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, and the Andaman Islands.

Deciduous or Monsoon Type of Forests:

  • These forests are found on the lower slope of West Bengal, the Himalayas, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka, Orissa, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, and the adjoining areas.
  • The precipitation is between 100- 200 cm in this area.
  • The dominant species found in this area is teak.

Dry Deciduous Forests:

  • These forests grow in places where the precipitation is between 50-100 cm.
  • These are seen in Punjab, Central Deccan plateau, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, and southeast Rajasthan.

Mountain Forests:

  • These are those found in the mountains and vary significantly along the mountain slopes.
  • On the Himalayas foothills, up to 1500 meters in height, evergreen trees such as teak, Sal, and bamboo grow well.

Tidal or Mangrove Forests:

  • These forests grow by the coast side and on the deltas, e.g., the edges of the Krishna, Cauvery, Godavari, Mahanadi, and Ganga.
  • In West Bengal, these forests are called ‘Sundarbans'.
  • The major tree in these forests is ‘Sundari'.

Semi-Desert and Desert Vegetations:

  • This area gets less than 50 cm. Acacia, Thorny bushes, and Babul are found in these forests.
  • The Indian wild date is found here generally.
  • They have thick flesh and long roots.

Summary:

Which type of vegetation is most spread in India?

The tropical deciduous forests are the type of vegetation most widespread in India. They receive 70-200 cm rainfall and are therefore called monsoon forests.

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