Which States are a part of the Northern Plains in India?

By Shivank Goel|Updated : September 5th, 2022

States that are a part of the Northern Plains in India are Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal and Assam. Among these, the three states that possess high population densities are Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal.

The Northern Plains of India are formed by the alluvial deposits that are delivered by the Indus, Ganga and Brahmaputra rivers. It is considered as a productive part of India from an agricultural point of view owing to its rich soil cover, adequate water supply and suitable climate.

Northern Plains of India

The Northern Plains of India is actually the meeting point of three major river systems that are the Indus, Ganga and Brahmaputra, along with their tributaries. The width of the Northern Plains varies somewhere in the range of 150 - 300 kilometres.

The Himalayan Frontal Fault (HFF) separates the Northern Plains from the Shivaliks to the south, and the Purvanchal Hills form the border along the eastern side.

The Northern Plains of India can be divided into:

  • Punjab and Haryana Plains
  • Rajasthan Plains
  • Ganga Plains
  • Brahmaputra Plains

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  • The three states that possess high population densities are Uttar Pradesh, Bihar & West Bengal.

  • The Northern Plains of India are formed by the alluvial deposits that are delivered by the Indus, Ganga and the Brahmaputra rivers.

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