Which State in India has the Lowest Population?

By K Balaji|Updated : January 25th, 2023

Sikkim has the least population in India. Among the union territories, Lakshadweep also has a very small population. According to the Census of 2011, the population of Lakshadweep is 64473, and Sikkim has a population of 607,688. Hence, Sikkim is considered the least populous state in India. In the same census, Uttar Pradesh was declared the most populous state, with a population of 19.06 crores.

Indian State With Lowest Population

If we consider the whole country, the lowest population is Lakshadweep, but when you only consider states, Sikkim has the lowest population. The capital and largest city of Sikkim is Gangtok. Sikkim’s economy depends on tourism, and it has the 3rd smallest GDP among the Indian States as of the 2014 data.

Sikkim shares its border with 3 countries, viz., China, Nepal and Bhutan. Due to this, Sikkim is crucial to the country's geopolitics. It plays an important role because of its complicated border. Khangchendzonga National Park covers 35% of the state area. It is famous for its tourist locations and beautiful landscapes on which the majority of its economy depends.

Important Points of Indian States Population:

Here are the important facts related to states based on the 2011 census in the table below:

Highest Population DensityBihar
Lowest Population DensityArunachal Pradesh
Highest PopulationUttar Pradesh
Lowest PopulationSikkim
Highest Sex RatioKerala
Lowest Sex RatioHaryana
Highest Literacy RateKerala
Lowest Literacy RateBihar

As mentioned above, Sikkim is the smallest and least populous state in the country. The state relies on agriculture and tourism and has some of the most striking landscapes in the country. Many people often mistake Sikkim for being a part of the seven sisters of India. However, that is not true. Sikkim is a northeastern state, but it is not one of the seven sisters.

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FAQs on Least Populous State in India

  • The Indian State with the lowest population is Sikkim. On the other hand, the lowest population in terms of Union territories is in Lakshadweep. Sikkim has a population of 607,688. Sikkim and Lakshadweep are both small in size, with Sikkim being one of the smallest states in India.

  • According to the census conducted in 2011, Uttar Pradesh is the most populated state in the country, with a population of 19.06 crores. It is also one of the largest states in India geographically. Besides, the state that has the highest population density is Bihar.

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