Answer: The latitude that divides India into two equal halves is 23° 30’ N.
23° 30’ N latitude is known as the Tropic of Cancer. The other latitudes are Tropic of Capricorn (23½° S), Arctic Circle at 66½° north of the equator, and Antarctic Circle at 66½° south of the equator. The area under the Tropic of Cancer and the Arctic Circle in the Northern Hemisphere have moderate temperatures. Therefore, this zone is called Temperate Zones.
More about the Tropic of Cancer
Following are the details pertinent to the Tropic of Cancer:
It is also referred to as Northern Tropic.
It passes through 16 countries, 3 continents, and 6 water bodies.
It passes through 8 Indian states (west to east): Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Tripura, and Mizoram.
It divides the country into two halves; half of the country to the south of the Tropic of Cancer is situated in the Tropical region and the other half lying north of the Tropic of Cancer falls in the Sub-tropical region.
Which of the following latitudes divide India into two equal halves?
The latitude that divides India into two equal halves is 23° 30’ N.