Which is the Second Largest Continent in the World?

By Manesh Singh|Updated : July 7th, 2022

Africa is the world’s second largest continent out of seven continents in the world. It has abundant natural resources. Around 50% of the African population is below 19 years or younger, which makes it the youngest continent in the world. Several bodies of water, including the Atlantic and Indian oceans, border this landmass.

Only the Sinai Peninsula and the Suez Canal connect this continent to Asia. Africa is the only continent crossed by the Prime Meridian and the Equator.

There's a rich diversity of natural and biological resources found in Africa. You'll discover some of the world's largest mammals, such as the African elephant, and several endangered species here.

And the Cape Floral Region in South Africa has the most variety of plants in the world. The longest river in the world, the Nile, is found in Africa.


Which is the Second Largest Continent in the World?

Out of all the continents, the African continent is the second largest after the Asia continent. We have provided important information about the continents.

  • The world's seven continents have been formed over millions of years through the movement of tectonic plates. The outer part of the Earth is made up of tectonic plates, and these large, irregular slabs of rock are always moving. This constant movement is known as plate tectonics, which led to the movement of land and the formation of the continents.
  • There are seven continents that makeup Earth's land surface area. The next question asked is how do we determine which countries make up which continent?
  • When looking at placing countries within a particular continent, there are two points to consider. These two points are the proximity to the region and tectonic plates.
  • Geographers usually include all the islands in the same region as part of a continent. Hence, this is why Madagascar is part of Africa, and the United Kingdom is part of Europe.
  • Each continent also has a geological distinction where tectonic plates play a part. Countries that share a tectonic plate will be on the same continent. This is why Antarctica, an island on its own tectonic plate, is described as a separate continent. While Greenland, also one of the world's largest islands, is part of the North American continent. This island shares the same tectonic plate as North America!

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Second Largest Continent in the World FAQs

  • Africa is the world’s second-largest continent and home to abundant natural resources. Its population is the youngest among all the continents; 50% of Africans are 19 years or younger.

  • The world's seven continents have been formed over millions of years, through the movement of tectonic plates.

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