Which is the oldest High Court in India?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 6th, 2022

Calcutta HC is the oldest High Court in India, per the patent issued by her majesty Queen Victoria on June 26, 1862.

  • It controls the Union Territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and the state of West Bengal.
  • The Cloth Hall in Ypres, Belgium, served as inspiration for the design of the Supreme Court building.

Oldest High Court in India

On July 1, 1862, the High Court at Fort William was officially formed by the High Courts Act of 1861, which was brought before it. The court has retained its original name as an institution even if the city's name was formally changed to Calcutta in 2001.

The concept behind the benches and seats

  • The seat of the Calcutta High Court is in Calcutta, the capital of West Bengal.
  • Under the Calcutta High Court (Extension of Jurisdiction) Act, 1953, the jurisdiction of the Calcutta High Court was extended to Chandernagore (now called Chandannagar) and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands from May 2, 1950.
  • The Andaman and Nicobar Islands' capital, Port Blair, and the North Bengal divisional headquarters, Jalpaiguri, now have additional circuit benches within the jurisdiction of the Calcutta High Court.
  • Another Circuit Bench with jurisdiction over five districts—Darjeeling, Kalimpong, Jalpaiguri, Alipurduar, and Cooch Behar—was inaugurated by President Ram Nath Kovind in February 2019 at Jalpaiguri in West Bengal.

Summary:

Which is the oldest High Court in India?

Under the Calcutta High Court (Extension of Jurisdiction) Act, 1953, the jurisdiction of the Calcutta High Court was extended to Chandernagore (now called Chandannagar) and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands from May 2, 1950.

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