Which is the Largest Wetland in India?

By Ritika Pant|Updated : August 4th, 2022

Sunderbans is the largest wetland in India. The wetland comprises hundreds of islands, a network of rivers, and streams protected in the delta of the Ganga river and the Brahmaputra on the Bay of Bengal in India and Bangladesh.

The Largest Wetland in India is a part of the most extensive mangrove forest in the world. The woods provide habitat to a large number of living creatures like:

  • 453 fauna wildlife
  • 290 birds
  • 120 fish
  • 42 mammals
  • 35 reptiles
  • 8 amphibian species.

Characteristics of Largest Wetland in India

The Indian Sundarban covers the south-westernmost part of the delta, includes over 60% of the country’s mangrove forest region, and contains 90% of Indian mangrove species. The fascinating characteristics of the largest wetland in India, the Sunderbans, are listed below.

  • The Sundarban Tiger Reserve is situated within the zone and is declared a “critical tiger habitat” under national law.
  • The mangrove habitat sustains a noticeable population of tigers, possessing special aquatic hunting skills.
  • The place offers habitat to many rare and globally threatened species like the Batagur Baska, Irrawaddy dolphin, and the fishing cat.
  • The originality of Sunderbans is because of its biodiversity and supply of local, regional, and global services that help conserve critically endangered animal species.

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FAQs on Which is the Largest Wetland in India?

  • As per the state-wise total distribution of wetlands and a long coastline, Gujarat has the largest wetland in India. It covers 34,700 sq km (17.56 percent of the total geographical area of the state), or 22.7 percent of total wetlands areas of the country) among all the other 19 types of wetlands.

  • The top 5 largest wetlands in India are:

    • Sunderbans Wetland (4230 sq. km).
    • Vembanad Kol Wetland (1512.5 sq. km).
    • Chilka Lake (1165 sq. km).
    • Kolleru Lake (901 sq. km).
    • Bhitarkanika Mangroves (650 sq. km).

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