Which is the Largest Wetland in India?

By Ritika Pant|Updated : November 11th, 2022

Sunderbans is the largest wetland in India. The wetland is made up of hundreds of islands, a network of rivers, and streams that are protected in the deltas of the Ganga and Brahmaputra rivers on the Bay of Bengal in India and Bangladesh. The World's Largest Wetland is part of the world's largest mangrove forest.

Largest Wetland in India

The Indian Sundarban covers the delta's southernmost reaches, contains more than 60% of the country's mangrove forest region, and is home to 90% of Indian mangrove species. The woods support a diverse range of living creatures, including 453 fauna wildlife, 290 birds, 120 fish, 42 mammals, 35 reptiles, and 8 amphibian species. The fascinating features of India's largest wetland, the Sunderbans, are listed below.

  • The Sundarban Tiger Reserve is situated within the zone and is declared a “critical tiger habitat” under national law.
  • The mangrove habitat sustains a noticeable population of tigers, possessing special aquatic hunting skills.
  • The place offers habitat to many rare and globally threatened species like the Batagur Baska, Irrawaddy dolphin, and the fishing cat.
  • The originality of Sunderbans is because of its biodiversity and supply of local, regional, and global services that help conserve critically endangered animal species.

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FAQs on Largest Wetland in India

  • The Largest Wetland in India is called the Sunderbans. In the protected deltas of the Ganga and Brahmaputra rivers on the Bay of Bengal in India and Bangladesh, the wetland is made up of hundreds of islands, a network of rivers, and streams.

  • The Sunderbans is the largest wetland, having various special features and is known to be a critical tiger habitat as per law. The top 5 largest wetlands in India are:

    • Sunderbans Wetland (4230 sq. km)
    • Vembanad Kol Wetland (1512.5 sq. km)
    • Chilka Lake (1165 sq. km)
    • Kolleru Lake (901 sq. km)
    • Bhitarkanika Mangroves (650 sq. km)

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