Which is the largest volcano in the world?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 3rd, 2022

Hawaiian shield volcanoes are the largest volcanoes on the earth. A volcano can be defined as an opening in the earth’s crust through which lava, volcanic ash, and gases erupt. They are closely associated with plate tectonic activity. Liquid magma from the mantle or lower crust containing dissolved gases rises through the crust towards the surface. The study of volcanoes and their products is known as volcanology. Volcanoes are found on both land and the ocean floor.

The Largest Volcano of the World

  • A shield volcano is a broad volcano with sloping sides formed by basaltic lava of low viscosity eruption
  • A shield volcano gets its name due to its similarity to a warrior’s shield lying on the ground
  • The magma from the vent slides down the slopes and builds up the size
  • The magma is high in temperature and very low in silica and gas content
  • The lava that erupted is runny and non-acidic

Summary:

Which is the largest volcano in the world?

Hawaiian shield volcanoes are the largest volcanoes on the earth. Mauna Loa on the Big Island of Hawaii is the largest active volcano in the world, covering a land area of 5,271 km2 and spanning a maximum width of 120 km.

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