Which is the largest plain in India?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 6th, 2022

The Northern Plain is the largest plain in India, covering an area of 700 thousand square kilometers. The plain is about 2,400 km long, and 240 to 320 km wide and is a densely populated physiographic division.

  • It is an agriculturally productive part of India with a large soil cover, sufficient water supply, and a favorable climate.
  • The Indian Ganga Plain, also known as the North Indian River Plain, spans 700,000 km (172 million acres) in northern India, comprising much of northern and eastern India, almost half of Pakistan, virtually all of Bangladesh, and the southern plains of Nepal.

Largest Plain in India

The Indus Valley Civilization, which gave rise to the earliest forms of Indian subcontinent culture, flourished in this region.

  • Several empires, including the Maurya Empire, the Kushan Empire, the Gupta Empire, the Pala Empire, Imperial Kannauj, the Delhi Sultanates, the Mughal Empire, and the Maratha Empire—all of which had their political and population centers in the Indian Plain.
  • They could rise and repeatedly expand thanks to the flat and fertile terrain.
  • Historical names for the region include "Hindustan" or "the Land of the Hindus."


  • Other crops include maize, millet, barley, sugarcane, and cotton.
  • The main source of rainfall is the southwest monsoon, which is usually sufficient for general agriculture.
  • Many rivers flowing from the Himalayas provide water for major irrigation works.
  • This region is thought to be very susceptible to future water shortages due to the fast-expanding population (among other causes).
  • Between the Brahmaputra River and the Aravalli Range, the area creates the land.
  • The area traverses the Ganga and several other rivers, including the Jamuna, Ghaghara, and Chambal.


Which is the largest plain in India?

The Indian-Gangetic Plain, also referred to as the North Indian River Plain, is a 700,000 km (172 million acres) fertile plain that extends across the northern parts of the Indian subcontinent. It includes the majority of northern and eastern India, roughly half of Pakistan, the entire country of Bangladesh, and the southern plains of Nepal.


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