Which is the Largest Desert in India?

By meenakshi|Updated : July 25th, 2022

Great Indian Desert, also called the Thar desert is the largest desert in India. The Thar Desert is the world’s 9th largest hot subtropical desert and 20th-largest desert. It is an arid region located in the north-western part of the Indian subcontinent that forms a natural boundary between India (85%) and Pakistan (15%), covering an area of 77,000 square miles.

Largest Desert in India 

The Thar Desert is the largest desert in India that is bordered by the Punjab plain to the north and northeast, the Indus River plain to the west, the Rann of Kachchh to the south, and the Aravalli Range to the southeast. The largest desert in India has the following key points-

  • Thar desert covers an area of 77,000 sq miles. 
  • The annual rainfall of the Thar Desert ranges from 100 to 500 mm from the month of July and extends till September.
  • It has dry parts and semidesert parts.
  • Its climate is arid and covers low vegetation.
  • During the rainy season, streams sometimes appear. 
  • It has Desert National Park (covering 3162 sq. km), Tal Chhapar Sanctuary (covering 7 sq. km), and Sudha Mata Conservation Reserve (117.49 sq. km) in India.
  • It is the home to 141 species of resident and migratory desert birds. These include short-toed eagles, vultures, falcons, and harriers.
  • There are 40 species of trees, shrubs, herbs, and grasses. 

Quick Facts about Thar Desert

  • There is a river in the Thar Desert named the Luni river.
  • A large part of the desert is in Rajasthan and some parts in Pakistan.
  • It creates natural borders between these two countries.
  • The temperature in this area varies between 50 degrees celsius in Summar and -4 to -5 degrees Celsius in winter.
  • The Thar Desert is the home of some endangered animals like Blackbucks, Foxes, etc.
  • The Tal Chhapar Schantury is a protected area for birds in mid of the Thar Desert.

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FAQs on the Largest Desert in India

  • Thar desert is the largest desert in India and the 20th world’s largest desert in India. It covers an area of 77,000 sq miles.

  • Thar desert is located in India (85%) and Pakistan (15%). The Thar Desert is bordered by the Rann of Kachchh to the south, Punjab plain to the north and northeast, the Indus River plain to the west, and the Aravalli Range to the southeast covering an area of 200,000 sq. Km.

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