Which Factors contributed to the Pandyan Kingdom being the Richest Province in the World?

By Shivank Goel|Updated : September 5th, 2022

The Pandyan Kingdom was hailed as the richest and most splendid province in the world by Marco Polo in the 13th century after being impressed by its extreme wealth and grandeur. The Pandyas ruled the Southern part of India from the 6th till the 14th century.

Marco Polo considered the Pandyan kingdom as the most splendid and richest province in the world due to various reasons that he observed while on his visit to the kingdom in the 13th century. A few of his reasons were:

  • The Pandyas were extended to a large part of South India and ruled it for a long time.
  • Most of the pearls and precious stones in the world were produced by the Pandyan kingdom.
  • Foreign trade was also supported by the Pandyan kingdom especially with the Arabs which contributed greatly to the wealth of the kingdom.

The Pandya Dynasty

The Pandya Dynasty, which is also known as the Pandyas of Madurai, was an ancient dynasty of South India. It was one of the three great dynasties of the Tamilakam. The other two were the Cholas and the Cheras. Tamilakam refers to the geographical area which was ruled by the Tamil people in ancient times. The area covers present-day's Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Puducherry, Lakshadweep, and southern parts of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka.

The Pandyan dynasty was actually founded by Maravarman Sundara I early in the 13th century, who succeeded his older brother Jatavarman Kulasekhara in 1216. The symbol of the dynasty was a fish.

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  • The Pandya dynasty was considered the most splendid province in the world by Marco Polo because of its extraordinary wealth and grandeur.

  • The Pandya dynasty was founded by Maravarman Sundara I and its symbol was the fish.

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