Which Factors Affect Crop Production?

By Aarna Tiwari|Updated : September 4th, 2022

The Crops are Affected Majorly by Four Factors: terrain, climate, soil properties, and soil water. Environmental factors that affect plant growth include light, temperature, water, humidity, and nutrition.

Factors that Affect Crop Production

Factors that affect Crop Production are of two types, Internal and External factors.

The Internal factors are related to the genetic make-up of plants and are less influenced by environmental factors. These include:

  • Chemical composition of grains
  • Quality of grains
  • Early maturity
  • High yielding ability
  • Drought, flood, and salinity tolerance
  • Resistance to lodging
  • Tolerance to insect pests and diseases
  • Quality of straw

The External Factors include:

  • Edaphic
  • Physiographic and Socio-economic factors.
  • Climatic
  • Biotic

Related Questions:-


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  • The four main factors affecting Crop Production are water, light, nutrients, and temperature. These four things affect the growth hormones of the plant, which will either make the plant grow quickly or slowly.

  • Crop production is the process of growing crops for domestic and commercial purposes. Some of the large-scale crops are rice, wheat, maize, jute, etc.

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