Which Crop is Sown on the Largest Area in India?

By Shivank Goel|Updated : September 8th, 2022

The crop which is sown in the largest area in India is Rice. In the world, India is the second largest producer of rice crops. It is grown in the Northeastern, Eastern, northern, western, and southern regions. West Bengal is the largest producer of Rice and contributes to 15% of the total rice production in India.

Production of Rice in India

In India, rice is sown in the 43.86 million hc of land in five regions of the country. These are-

  • Eastern Region- It includes the region of Orissa, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, Eastern Uttar Pradesh, and West Bengal. The annual rainfall in the eastern region is high.
  • Northeastern Region- The northeastern region of the northeastern states of India, particularly Assam. The rice is grown in the Brahmaputra basin. Also, this area receives the highest amount of rainfall.
  • Northern Region- States of Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Uttrakhand, Western UP, and Punjab comprise the northern region. The crop is sown between May- July, till Sept-December.
  • Western Region- It comprises the region of Rajasthan, Maharashtra, and Gujarat, wherein the rice crop is grown from June-August to October-December.
  • Southern Region- Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh fall under this region. Independent of the rainfall, the crop is grown with better irrigation.

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FAQs on Which crop is sown on the largest area in India?

  • Rice is sown on the largest area in India. It is sown in 5 major states in India. The largest producers of rice are Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Page 3 Punjab.

  • In India, five states contributes a major portion of the country’s total production. Among all the states, West Bengal produces the maximum quantity of rice i.e., 15 percent of the total quantity of rice produced in the country.

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