Production of Rice in India
In India, rice is sown in the 43.86 million hc of land in five regions of the country. These are-
- Eastern Region- It includes the region of Orissa, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, Eastern Uttar Pradesh, and West Bengal. The annual rainfall in the eastern region is high.
- Northeastern Region- The northeastern region of the northeastern states of India, particularly Assam. The rice is grown in the Brahmaputra basin. Also, this area receives the highest amount of rainfall.
- Northern Region- States of Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Uttrakhand, Western UP, and Punjab comprise the northern region. The crop is sown between May- July, till Sept-December.
- Western Region- It comprises the region of Rajasthan, Maharashtra, and Gujarat, wherein the rice crop is grown from June-August to October-December.
- Southern Region- Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh fall under this region. Independent of the rainfall, the crop is grown with better irrigation.