Where was the First Iron and Steel Plant Set up in India?

By Shivank Goel|Updated : September 6th, 2022

The first Iron and Steel plant was set up in India at Jamshedpur in Jharkhand. The first iron and steel industry in India was TISCO. TISCO stands for Tata Iron and Steel Company Limited. It was founded by Jamsetji Tata and Dorabji Tata on 26th August 1907 in Jamshedpur, Jharkhand and is thus known as the oldest steel plant in India.

The Iron and Steel industry is located on the banks of the Subarnarekha and Kharkai rivers which contribute to a large extent to water treatment for the industry. TISCO contributed majorly to the First World War by providing equipment, and by 1939, it was operating the largest steel plant in the British empire.

TISCO - Tata Iron and Steel Company (1907)

  • TISCO was set up in 1907 but started the production of steel in 1912.
  • It started the production of pig iron in 1911.
  • Due to its contribution to the first world war, it soon assumed the status of the largest operating steel plant under the British empire by 1939.
  • Being located near the banks of the Subarnarekha and Kharkai rivers, TISCO received enough water supply for its use.
  • It is located at Jamshedpur proved quite advantageous as it was near to the deposits of iron ore, coal and manganese. It was also near Kolkata, which was a large market for the industry.
  • The headquarters of TISCO is located in Mumbai, Maharashtra, and its marketing headquarters are located in Kolkata and West Bengal.
  • The iron and steel that is manufactured by TISCO are being used in many areas and sectors such as the defence sector and the security sector, and other areas of construction, engineering, excavations, etc.

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  • The Tata Iron and Steel Company started the production of steel in 1912.

  • The first ever iron and steel plant was set up in India at Jamshedpur in 1907.

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