Where is Petroleum Mostly Found in India?

By Mandeep Kumar|Updated : August 17th, 2022

Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Gujarat, Rajasthan, and Tamil Nadu are the petroleum-producing states in India. Petroleum is a yellowish-black liquid mixture of mainly hydrocarbons. It is also known as crude oil. The formation of petroleum takes place when large quantities of dead organisms, mostly zooplankton, and algae, are buried underneath sedimentary rock and subjected to both prolonged heat and pressure.

The oil deposits in the country were discovered first in 1889 near the town of Digboi in the state of Assam. Petroleum includes crude oil, all liquid, gaseous and solid hydrocarbons. Gases exist in the form of lighter hydrocarbons methane, ethane, propane, and butane and heavier hydrocarbons are in the form of liquids or solids under surface pressure and temperature conditions.

Various Constituents of Petroleum and their Uses

Petroleum is a mixture of various constituents such as petroleum gas, petrol, diesel, lubricating oil, paraffin wax, etc. The process by which various constituents of petroleum are separated is known as refining which is carried out at a petroleum refinery. Following are the various constituents of Petroleum and their uses:

Constituents of Petroleum

Uses

Bitumen

Road Surfacing, Paints

Paraffin wax

Ointments, vaseline, candles, etc.

Lubricating oil

Lubrication

Diesel

Fuel for heavy motor vehicles, electric generators

Kerosene

Fuel for stoves, jet aircraft and for lamps

Petrol

Motor fuel, aviation fuel, solvent for dry cleaning

Petroleum Gas in Liquid form

Fuel for home and industry (LPG)

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