Petroleum States in India
The oil deposits in the country were discovered first in 1889 near the town of Digboi in the state of Assam. Petroleum is a compound composed of various constituents such as petroleum gas, gasoline, diesel, lubricating oil, paraffin wax, and so on.
- Petroleum includes crude oil, all liquid, gaseous and solid hydrocarbons.
- Gases exist in the form of lighter hydrocarbons methane, ethane, propane, and butane and heavier hydrocarbons are in the form of liquids or solids under surface pressure and temperature conditions.
Uses of Petroleum & Its Components
The process of separating various constituents of petroleum is known as refining, and it is carried out at a petroleum refinery. The following are the various components of petroleum and their applications:
Constituents of Petroleum
Road Surfacing, Paints
Ointments, vaseline, candles, etc.
Fuel for heavy motor vehicles, electric generators
Fuel for stoves, jet aircraft and lamps
Motor fuel, aviation fuel, solvent for dry cleaning
Petroleum Gas in Liquid form
Fuel for home and industry (LPG)
Where is Petroleum Mostly Found in India?
Petroleum is most found in the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Gujarat, Rajasthan, and Tamil Nadu. Petroleum is a compound made up of many different constituents, including petroleum gas, gasoline, diesel, lubricating oil, paraffin wax, and so on.