Where did the Chipko Movement First Started in India?

By Ritesh|Updated : December 8th, 2022

The Chipko movement first started in India in the state of Uttar Pradesh. A nonviolent social and environmental movement called the Chipko movement, commonly called the Chipko Andolan. In the 1970s, rural peasants of India, particularly women, launched it. Its objective was to stop logging that the government was funding. The movement started in 1973 in Uttarakhand, an area of the Indian Himalayas that was a part of Uttar Pradesh at that time. 

First Chipko Movement in India

In the Himalayan region of Uttarakhand, a part of Uttar Pradesh, the Chipko Movement was started in 1973. Later, it became the center of many more major international environmental efforts. It provided a benchmark for the start of nonviolent protest in India. The Hindi phrase Chipko, which means "to hug or to cling to," captures the activists' primary tactic of hugging trees to prevent loggers.

  • This non-violent effort assisted in reducing the rate of deforestation, exposing entrenched interests, increasing public knowledge of the value of protecting trees, promoting ecological awareness, and demonstrating the strength of the collective will of the populace.
  • The inner roads built during the battle attracted a lot of multinational logging businesses seeking access to the region's enormous timber resources.
  • Clear-cutting of forests decreased agricultural yields, induced erosion, depleted water sources, and worsened floods in many nearby villages. Commercial logging operations were usually poorly managed.

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FAQs on Chipko Movement in India

  • The Chipko movement was started in Uttar Pradesh in 1973. The first Chipko movement was organized by environmentalist and Gandhian social activist Chandi Prasad Bhatt, who was also the founder of the cooperative organization Dasholi Gram Swarajya Sangh.

  • Gaura Devi (1925–1991) was a grassroots activist and a rural women community leader from India who played an important role in the Chipko movement. She was one of the many people who initiated the movement of hugging trees in order to prevent them from loggers.

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