When was the first Supreme Court established in India?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 7th, 2022

On January 26, 1950, the first Supreme Court was established in India. On January 28, 1950, the Supreme Court officially opened for business and began holding hearings.

  • The Supreme Court is situated on New Delhi's Tilak Marg.
  • It replaced the 1935 Government of India Act-established Federal Court of India.
  • The British Privy Council had been replaced as the supreme court of appeals by the Supreme Court.

First Supreme Court in India

  • The Regulation Act of 1773 established the High Court of Fort William, Calcutta 1774.
  • From 1774 until the Calcutta High Court was created in 1862, it took the position of the Calcutta Mayor's Court as the supreme court of British India.
  • The Supreme Court's proceedings officially began in a section of the Chamber of Deputies on January 28, 1950, the day after it was established.
  • In 1958, the yard was relocated to the current structure.
  • The scales' central beam is the building's main wing.
  • The East Wing and West Wing were two New Wings built to the complex in 1979.
  • There are 15 courtrooms spread out throughout the building's several sections.
  • The Supreme Court is the largest in the middle of the central wing.
  • The courthouse was a two-story structure close to the Writers' Buildings, with Ionic columns and an urn balustrade.
  • At one point, Kolkata's City Hall was housed in the same structure.
  • It was destroyed in 1792, and the present structure occurred in 1832.
  • The Federal Court of India held its proceedings here, in this House of Princes, for 12 years, from 1937 to 1950.


When was the first Supreme Court established in India?

The Supreme Court of India was established on January 26, 1950. The Supreme Court held its first sessions and opened for business on January 28, 1950.

  • Tilak Marg is where the Supreme Court is located in New Delhi
  • The Federal Court of India, founded in 1935 by the Government of India Act, was succeeded by it
  • The Supreme Court had taken over as the top appeals court from the British Privy Council


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