When Was the Constitution of India Adopted?

By K Balaji|Updated : January 19th, 2023

The Constitution of India was adopted on 26 November 1949. The Constitution of India represents the country's supreme law and lays down the fundamental rights, directive principles, political code, powers, and duties of the citizens. It was framed by a Constituent Assembly, established by Dr Rajendra Prasad and adopted on 26 November 1949. However, the constitution came into force on 26 January 1950, which is celebrated as the Republic Day of India.

Adoption of the Constitution of India

26 January was chosen as the day when the Constitution of India would come into effect because it was the day when the Indian National Congress demanded Purna Swaraj in 1930. The grand Republic Day parade is now held on this day every year in the capital. The parade signifies India’s military might, defence forces, and cultural heritage. The President of the country, who is also the Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces, takes the salute on Republic Day.

The Constitution calls for a federal, unitary, parliamentary form of government with particular elements. The President is the officially designated head of the Union's Executive. According to Article 79 of the Indian Constitution, the Council of the Parliament of the Union is made up of the President and the two Houses known as the Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha.


When Was the Constitution of India Adopted?

The Constitution of India came into effect on 26 January 1950, but it was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949. It is a collection of laws establishing the parliamentary and federal forms of the Indian government. The day that the Constitution came into force is now celebrated every year as the Republic Day of India.

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