When was PIL introduced in India?

By Harshal Vispute|Updated : August 16th, 2022

The Supreme Court's judicial activism in India gave rise to the PIL. Early in the 1980s, it was introduced. The PIL concept was invented by Justices V.R. Krishna Iyer and P.N. Bhagwati. The PIL movement had its beginnings in India at the end of the 1970s and reached its zenith in the 1980s. A number of significant decisions by Justices V.R. Krishna Iyer and P.N. Bhagwati have expanded the PIL field.

Public interest litigation (PIL) is a legal action brought to safeguard "Public Interest" in a court of law. A public interest lawsuit can be filed in a court of law to address any issue that threatens the interests of the general public, such as pollution, terrorism, road safety, construction dangers, etc.

PIL Introduction in India

  • An aggrieved party does not file a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) in court; rather, a private party or the court itself does.
  • PILs have developed into a powerful instrument for upholding the executive and legislative branches' legal obligations.
  • Assuring universal justice and advancing public welfare are the main goals of PILs.
  • Instead of protecting individual interests, which are covered by Fundamental Rights, it is typically employed to protect group interests.
  • PILs may be filed with the High Courts and the Indian Supreme Court.
  • PILs are an idea derived from judicial review authority.
  • The locus stand principle, which states that only the individual or party whose rights have been violated may submit petitions, has been undermined by the concept of PILs.
  • It has most frequently and optimally been used to assess the legality of a decision, action, or inaction by a public body in order to challenge the decisions of public authorities through judicial review.
  • PILs have been crucial to India's political system. They are to blame for some important rulings in India, including the prohibition of immediate triple talaq, the opening of the Sabarimala and Haji Ali shrines to women, the legalization of consensual homosexual relationships, the legalization of passive euthanasia, and others.

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  • The PIL in India is a product of the Supreme Court's judicial activism. It began at the start of the 1980s. The PIL concept was invented by Justices P N Bhagwati and V R Krishna Iyer.

  • Public interest litigation (PIL) can be divided into two categories: citizen social action and representative social action.

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