Indian Navy Act, 1957
The Indian Navy Act, 1957 was primarily intended to make the legislation self-sufficient by merging the required elements of a few other relevant enactments and regulations and to adjust the existing provisions to the new constitutional framework and current demands. The following are the primary modifications done in Indian Navy Act, 1957 to the existing law:
- The maximum penalties have been changed to reflect the unanimous judgement regarding the three services' punishments.
- There are now provisions for specifying service requirements as well as commission grants and enlistment in the military.
- In accordance with Article 33 of the Constitution, provisions have been added to limit or abolish the application of fundamental rights to members of the armed forces insofar as doing so is required to maintain discipline.
- There are now provisions for deductions from officers' and ratings' pay for unauthorised absences, destruction of government property, etc.
- The punishment parts have been rationalised and a few modifications that were required by experience have been implemented.
- In Indian Navy Act, 1957, the court system for civil offences has been changed to match those of the Army and Air Force.
- It has been stipulated that the majority of the officers would be officers of the executive branch and that in some specific instances only officers of the executive branch should sit at Courts-martial for offences of the non-executive branches of the Navy, which were previously ineligible to do so.
- The Navy Judge Advocate General's judicial review is now governed by statute, and his qualifications are set forth therein.
- A regular naval force, as well as reserve and auxiliary naval forces, may be raised and maintained by the Central Government.
- To the extent specified in this Act, the rights granted by Part III of the Constitution in their application to people under naval law shall be limited or revoked.
When was Indian Navy Act Passed?
In 1957, the Indian Navy Act was passed. Any Indian Navy member who is required to serve under this Act while serving in the Indian Navy. The primary goals of the Indian Navy Act, 1957 were to make the law self-sufficient by combining the necessary aspects of a few other pertinent statutes and regulations and to adapt the current provisions to the new constitutional framework and emerging needs.