When was the Ganga Action Plan Started?

By Shivank Goel|Updated : September 5th, 2022

The Ganga Action Plan was announced by the Ministry of Environment and Forests in 1985. It was the first 'River Action Plan' ever introduced in India. Since it was introduced in 1985, the plan's scope has extended to include all the country's major rivers and was further extended to the remaining major rivers under the National River Conservation Plan (NRCP) in 1995.

The Ganga Action Plan was initially announced to improve the water quality of Indian rivers, which has become a serious concern since the constant urbanization happening in the country.

Why was the Ganga Action Plan Introduced?

The Ganga Action Plan was introduced to reduce the increasing pollution in the rivers resulting from several reasons. The action plan included a few steps: interception, sewage treatment, and diversion. The industrialization process has majorly resulted in the pollution of water bodies due to industrial chemical wastes and all kinds of toxic material, which are equally hazardous to humankind.

The Ganga Action Plan was originally started to subside the pollution levels from river Ganga; thus, the name was given Ganga Action Plan. This scheme was completely centrally-sponsored. The National River Ganga Basin Authority was set up under the Ganga Action Plan, and Ganga was declared the national river of India. The head of this authority is the Prime Minister of India and the Chief Ministers of all those states where the river Ganga flows.

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FAQs

  • The main objective behind announcing the Ganga Action Plan was to reduce the pollution levels in river Ganga.

  • The National River Ganga Basin Authority is headed by the Prime Minister of India and the Chief Ministers of all those states where the river Ganga flows.

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