Why was the Ganga Action Plan Introduced?
The Ganga Action Plan was introduced to reduce the increasing pollution in the rivers resulting from several reasons. The action plan included a few steps: interception, sewage treatment, and diversion. The industrialization process has majorly resulted in the pollution of water bodies due to industrial chemical wastes and all kinds of toxic material, which are equally hazardous to humankind.
The Ganga Action Plan was originally started to subside the pollution levels from river Ganga; thus, the name was given Ganga Action Plan. This scheme was completely centrally-sponsored. The National River Ganga Basin Authority was set up under the Ganga Action Plan, and Ganga was declared the national river of India. The head of this authority is the Prime Minister of India and the Chief Ministers of all those states where the river Ganga flows.