What were the significant events that shaped the medieval period of Indian history?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 3rd, 2022

The medieval period of Indian history highlights a period of transition in cultural and social developments. Main contributions in art and architecture, literature, religious and cultural reforms, dynasties and varied rulers, etc., occurred during the medieval period. The medieval period refers to the period from the collapse of the Gupta Empire in the 6th century and the beginning of the Early Modern Age in 1526 with the beginning of the Mughal Empire.

Medieval Period of Indian History

Early Middle Ages:

  • This period lasted from the 8th century to the 13th century
  • There were more than 40 different states in the Indian subcontinent, which hosted different cultures, languages, writing systems, and religions.
  • Hinduism and Buddhism predominated throughout Southeast Asia
  • The invention of the game Chaturanga was done during this period, which later became chess.
  • Iltutmish built Qutub Minar during this period.
  • Delhi became the capital of India.

Late Middle Ages:

  • This period lasted from the 13th century to the 18th century
  • A series of Turkic Islamic invasions from Afghanistan and Iran conquered most parts of northern India and established the Delhi Sultanate, which ruled until the 16th century.
  • Buddhism declined in South Asia, but Hinduism persisted
  • The Vijayanagara Empire was not conquered by any Muslim invaders during this period.
  • The Mughals were great patrons of art, music, culture, and architecture.
  • Persian art came to India and was influenced by Islamic culture.

Summary:

What were the significant events that shaped the medieval period of Indian history?

Important contributions in literature, cultural and religious reforms, art and architecture, dynasties and varied rulers, etc., occurred during the medieval period. The arrival of the Mughal rulers changed India's regions. The Middle Ages was an amazing period in India and a time of wars and great architecture. The Middle Ages period itself is divided into the Early Middle Ages and the Late Middle Ages.

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