What were the Problems Faced by India After its Independence?

By Devyani Singh|Updated : September 5th, 2022

India experienced a variety of issues following its independence. Roughly 80 lakh refugees from Pakistan returned to India as a result of the split. These refugees' rehabilitation was a difficult obstacle. The integration of the 562 minor and large princely states into United India posed the second issue. Building a solid political structure in order to meet the needs and aspirations of the populace and make India a powerful country represented the third major challenge.

Problems Faced by India After its Independence

Partition threw independent India into some deep issues that needed immediate fixing. 

  • In the years following independence, India was largely confronted with three different types of difficulties: social, political, and economic. Particularly after partition, when mass mobilisation took place and others featured rife casteism and untouchability, social ones can be considered communalism. Bringing all of this diversity together was difficult, especially when people's regional allegiances trumped their national ones. This diversity would also include tribal groups and other marginalised communities.
  • This has a direct connection to political issues like the uneven public engagement of various communities, necessitating the strengthening of democracy and the use of the universal adult franchise. Additionally, the country needed to be united, uniting the many states under a single federal authority. The 1960s saw the linguistic slicing of new states as a result of linguistic disparities and resistance to Hindi as an official language from south Indian states. 
  • India needed to participate in world politics as well and was under continual pressure from its neighbours over a variety of territorial disputes.
  • Poverty and unemployment continue to be significant economic challenges that demand full support for the country's economic development both in the public and private sectors. For more than 70% of the people who were involved in agrarian pursuits, land reforms were also a significant issue. There are also issues with education, a high prevalence of illiteracy, and the need to enhance the health sector so that the underprivileged may receive high-quality medical care.

Related Questions:-


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  • India faced primarily three kinds of challenges in the post-independence phase. They were social, political and economic challenges

  • The partition of India gave way to the refugee problem. By mid-1948 about 5.5 million non-Muslims had moved into India and a very large number of Muslims had left India for Pakistan

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