What were the main reasons for the Anglicist and classicist controversy?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 1st, 2022

The disagreement over the type of education India's native populace should get was the primary driver of the Anglicist-Orientalist conflict.

  • Sanskrit, Arabic, and Persian were supported by the Orientalists led by Dr. H.H. Wilson, whereas the Angliicsts led by Charles Trevelyan supported English.
  • Even though the Charter Act of 1813 was the first law to establish India's educational system explicitly, it sparked a debate over the preferred method of instruction between anglophiles and classicists.
  • Additionally, the Charter Act of 1813 lacked clarity regarding the goals of education and the strategies for enhancing the works of literature by India's educated indigenous.
  • The emphasis placed by the Charter Act was on allocating only one lakh rupees; no precise rules were given for the establishment of institutions and colleges in India.

Reason for Controversies between Anglicists and Classicists

The following factors were the key causes of the controversy:

  • There were disagreements and conflicts regarding the organizations arranging the schools and colleges.
  • There were also three viewpoints on the preferred teaching method.
  • According to the first viewpoint, Sanskrit and Arabic should be used as teaching languages to further western sciences and knowledge.
  • The Indian population was divided over educational methods as well.
  • Regarding the methodology, it was divided into two perspectives.
  • The initial viewpoint was that education always spread from the highest sections of society to the general populace.
  • The phrase "Downwards Filtration Theory" applied to it.
  • The opposing viewpoint thought that the business should be in charge of teaching the general public.

Summary:

What were the main reasons for the Anglicist and classicist controversy?

The main reason for the Anglicist and classicist controversy was disagreement over the education native Indians should receive.

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