What was the Tripartite Struggle?

By Mandeep Kumar|Updated : December 22nd, 2022

The struggle between Gurjara Pratiharas, Palas, and Rashtrakutas to gain control over Kannauj is called the Tripartite Struggle. After Harshavardhan, three significant political powers in India were constantly fighting with each other to establish their control on the Gangetic region in northern India. The three political powers were Gurjara Pratiharas in north India, Palas in eastern India, and Rashtrakutas in South India. The struggle among these three powers is known as the Tripartite struggle’, also known as The Kannauj Triangle Wars

Tripartite Struggle

The Gurjara Pratiharas won the tripartite struggle and captured Kannauj. After the death of Harsha, there was much confusion about his successor in the kingdom of Kanauj. Kannauj came into the hands of Arunashva for a short time. The following are the major points related to the tripartite conflict:

  • Yashovarman established a kingdom in Kanauj in 730 AD.
  • After Yashovarman, Vijrayudh, Indrayudha and Chakrayudha ruled Kanauj till the 8th century.
  • They were weak, and taking advantage of their weakness, the Pratiharas, Palas and Rashtrakutas fought against each other to win the kingdom of Kanauj.
  • This struggle dragged on for almost two centuries.
  • The Pratihara ruler Nagabhatta II won the war and made Kannauj the capital of the Pratihara kingdom.

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FAQs on Tripartite Struggle

  • The tripartite struggle was the struggle between Gurjara Pratiharas, Palas, and Rashtrakutas to gain control over Kannauj. After Kannauj lost its ruler, the different kingdoms fought a long war to gain control over the prosperous kingdom. Ultimately, the Pratihara ruler Nagabhatta II won the war and took control of the kingdom.

  • The powers involved in the Tripartite struggle were Gurjara in north India, Palas in eastern India, and Rashtrakutas in South India. Dantidurga was the founder of the Rashtrakuta Empire, Gopala founded the Pala Empire, and Harichandra established the Pratiharas kingdom.

  • Kannauj was rich in resources and was commercially significant. Control over Kannauj means control of the Central Gangetic valley. Hence, Kannauj was important in the Tripartite struggle, and the three powers Gurjara Pratiharas, Palas, and Rashtrakutas, fought for it.

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