Ashoka's Dhamma and the Purpose
Dhamma was Ashoka's attempt to establish a set of rules and laws for the Mauryan empire so that the various cultures and religions could coexist in peace and harmony. Because of his public welfare policies, Ashoka is regarded as one of the greatest kings in Indian history.
In order to achieve harmony, Ashoka pleaded for tolerance of various religious sects. Dhamma's policy also emphasised non-violence, which was to be practised by foregoing war and conquests, as well as by refraining from killing animals. However, Ashoka realised that a little show of political power could be required to keep the primitive forest-dwelling tribes in check.
Furthermore, he etched his concepts of dhamma on the pillars and rocks and practised the philosophy of Ahimsa religiously to set an example. His dhamma emphasised tolerance and acceptance and the idea of showing consideration towards workers and slaves. Lastly, his doctrine of the dhamma is often referred to as ethical order or moral law.