What was the Main Reason for the Partition of Bengal?

By Shivank Goel|Updated : September 5th, 2022

The main reason for the partition of Bengal, as claimed by the authorities of the British Raj in India was to bring administrative efficiency. However, the Indian nationalists claimed that the move was the Britisher's attempt to “divide and rule” the country. The partition of Bengal was announced by Lord Curzon in 1905. The event was supposed to reorganize the Bengal Presidency by separating the eastern Muslim majority from the western Hindu majorities.

The announcement of the partition shocked the Indian nationalists, who were sure that the main reason for the partition of Bengal was only to divide the Indians further on religious grounds. The result of the partition was that the Muslims found their own national organization. After a period of six years, Bengal was reunited with Lord Hardinge.

Main Reason for the Partition of Bengal

Dividing the Indian nationalists on the grounds of communal lines was the main reason for the partition of Bengal. The British administration relied on disharmony among the Muslims of Eastern Bengal and the Hindus of Western Bengal to further their base in India.

However, the announcement of the partition of Bengal created an uproar among the Indian nationalists, who were outraged by the move. The Indian National Congress opposed the move, and the locals boycotted the British in protest.

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FAQs

  • The main reason behind the partition of Bengal was the Britishers’ “divide and rule” policy. The Bengal partition was supposed to segregate the Indians based on religious grounds. It resulted in the Muslims forming their own nationalist organization.

  • The result of the partition of Bengal was communal disharmony between the Hindus and the Muslims. The partition segregated Muslims and Hindus in Bengal. What also came as a consequence of the partition was an increased demand for separate provinces for Hindus and Muslims.

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