What was the anti-partition movement?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 6th, 2022

The Anti-Partition Movement was established to oppose the division of Bengal on August 7, 1905. According to protest movement leaders, Bengal was to observe a day of national mourning. It drew vast numbers of the Indian population, regardless of class or caste distinctions, into the mainstream of nationalist political activity.

Anti-Partition Movement (1905)

  • Lord Curzon desired to separate Bengal's Hindu and Muslim populations by dividing the country.
  • However, he knew that if he revealed the true causes, Hindus and Muslims would object.
  • For this reason, he partitioned Bengal because it was a sizable state and needed to be divided to make administration easier.
  • The anti-partition movement was launched on August 7, 1905.
  • On that day, there was a massive anti-partition demonstration.
  • The partition took effect on October 16, 1905.
  • The first partition of Bengal was territorial.
  • The British Raj authorities introduced presidents until 1905.
  • Partition tended to separate the Muslim eastern regions from the Hindu western areas on October 16, 1905. after being announced on July 15, 1905.
  • To undermine the nationalist cause by undermining the role of the Bengalis in India's political movement.
  • To split apart the Hindu-Muslim community.
  • Due to this prejudice, the Muslim community turned out in favor of the British administration.
  • Bengali women were compelled to join the movement due to the rigidity of British rule.


What was the anti-partition movement?

For the partition of the Bengal state, the Anti-partition movement was started in 1905 on August 7.

  • After being announced on July 15, 1905, the partition tended to divide the Hindu west from the Muslim east on October 16, 1905.
  • To undermine the Bengali political movement in India to weaken the nationalist struggle.


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