What types of nationalism are there?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 4th, 2022

The types of nationalism are ethnic nationalism, cultural nationalism, civic nationalism, ideological nationalism, pan-nationalism, and diasporic nationalism. Nationalism is an ideology and movement that promotes the interests of a particular nation, especially to gain and maintain the nation's sovereignty over its homeland.

Types of Nationalism

  • Ethnic nationalism - nation and nationality are defined based on ethnicity, emphasizing an ethnocentric approach to different political issues related to the national affirmation of a particular ethnic group.
  • Cultural nationalism – a nation is defined by a shared culture and a common language rather than concepts of common descent or race.
  • Civic nationalism – a form of nationalism in which the state derives political legitimacy from the active participation of its citizens, the extent to which it represents the "will of the people".
  • Ideological nationalism – each nation should govern itself, without outside interference, that the nation is the natural and ideal basis of polity, and the nation is the only legitimate source of political power.
  • Pan-nationalism – a form of nationalism that seeks to transcend traditional boundaries and basic national identities to create a "higher" national identity based on various common denominators.
  • Diaspora nationalism – a type of nationalism that functions as a “ghost base” for people who want to experience national connection but do not want to leave their diasporic community.


What types of nationalism are there?

The types of nationalism are cultural nationalism, ethnic nationalism, ideological nationalism, civic nationalism, diaspora nationalism, and pan nationalism. Nationalism refers to the sense of loyalty and devotion towards the nation.


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