Problems Leading to Decline of Indus Valley Civilization
- The Harappan civilization flourished in the Indus River Valley in 3300 and 1300 BC, covering what is now Pakistan, northeastern Afghanistan, and northwestern India.
- Standardized measures and weights, seal carving, and the usage of bronze, copper, tin, and lead in metallurgy are the most important inventions of this civilization.
- The Indus script is understood poorly and explains the governmental structures and institutions of the Indus Valley Civilization.
- Flooding was a major problem that the residents near the Indus River had to deal with. Although they have developed highly sophisticated and efficient irrigation systems, floods can still be unpredictable and deadly.
- The floods were particularly severe as the monsoon pattern changed.
- The people of the Indus Valley have also faced hardships due to other natural disasters such as earthquakes.
- Nomadic raiders posed another severe threat to those who lived around the Indus River.
- Since the Indus Civilization's military was not adequately developed, advancing nomads posed numerous challenges.
What problems did the Indus Valley face?
Numerous problems plagued the Indus Valley civilization, such as abrupt temperature variations that harmed agriculture and the worry of outside intruders.