ZERO BUDGET NATURAL FARMING (ZBNF)
- Addressing the United Nations conference on desertification (COP-14), Indian PM told the global community that India is focusing on Zero-Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF). ZBNF was also highlighted in budget 2019 in the bid to double farmer's income by 2022.
- 'Zero Budget' means without using any loan, and without spending any money on the purchase of inputs (seeds, fertilizers).
- 'Natural farming' means farming without chemicals. By using biofertilizers, earthworms, cow dung etc.
- It was originally promoted by agriculturist Subhash Palekar, who developed it in the mid-1990s as an alternative to the Green Revolution’s methods that are driven by chemical fertilizers and pesticides and intensive irrigation.
Four Components of ZBNF:
- Jeevamrutha: It is a mixture of fresh cow dung and aged cow urine (both from India's indigenous cow breed), jaggery, pulse flour, water and soil; to be applied on farmland.
- Bijamrita: It is a concoction of neem leaves & pulp, tobacco and green chillies prepared for insect and pest management, that can be used to treat seeds.
- Acchadana(Mulching): It protects topsoil during cultivation and does not destroy it by tilling.
- Whapasa: It is the condition where there are both air molecules and water molecules present in the soil. Thereby helping in reducing irrigation requirement.
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