What is Ulgulan or great tumult?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 5th, 2022

Birsa Munda founded the Great Tumult or Ulgulan movement to protest the local government's exploitation and prejudice of tribal people. The Chotanagpur Tenancy Act, which prohibited tribal lands from going to non-tribals and safeguarded their land rights for the foreseeable future, resulted from the movement, even if it was unsuccessful.

Ulgulan Or Great Tumult Movement

  • One of the notable Indian subcontinent tribal uprisings of the 19th century was the Munda Rebellion.
  • Birsa Munda served as the movement's leader in the south of Ranchi between 1899 and 1900.
  • The Ulgulan, also known as "the Great Tumult," was an insurrection to establish Munda Raj or Munda authority in this area.
  • The British introduced the zamindari system in 1874, replacing the Munda tribe's ancient Khuntkari system.
  • The zamindars (landlords) classes and ryots were created, implementing the Zamindari system (tenants).
  • The tribal people were forced to rely on cash after the economy was monetized to pay their rent and necessities. They were reliant on the moneylenders as a result.


What is Ulgulan or great tumult?

Birsa Munda started the Great Tumult or Ulgulan movement in opposition to the local government's discrimination and exploitation of tribal people. Even though the movement was unsuccessful, it resulted in the Chotanagpur Tenancy Act, which forbade tribal lands from being transferred to non-tribals and protected their land rights for the foreseeable future.


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