What is the Year of Great Divide for Population Growth in India?

By Devyani Singh|Updated : August 19th, 2022

The year 1921 is known as the year of the Great Divide for Population Growth in India. This is because the population grew in 1921 after a steady and declining population rate in the years 1911-20. This decline in population was due to the high rate of mortality. The census year 1911- 1921 recorded a negative growth rate of negative 0.31 percent which happened only once in the demographic history of India. 

Year of Great Divide for Population Growth in India

This can be attributed to the rise of incurable diseases and limited medical support as well as the lack of proper postpartum care for mother and child. There were also natural calamities like the famine which made the situation worse.

The year 1921 is known as the demographic split because before this year, the population was not stable, sometimes it increased and sometimes it decreased.

  • Between 1901 and 1911, the total increase in population was 5.9% which decreased by 0.39% between 1911 and 1921.
  • Before 1921 the growth rate of the population was low.
  • However, this year saw a sudden increase in population which was quiet and steady.
  • There was an increase of 11.1% in the decade 1921–1931.
  • Between 1931 and 1941, there was an increase of 14.00% and during 1941–1951 it was 13.5%.
  • Since then it has continued to grow. Therefore, the year 1921 is rightly called the Year of the Demographic Divide or the Great Divide.

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FAQs on Year of Great Divide for Population Growth in India

  • The year 1921 is called "The Great Divide" in India because at the time India has a low rate of mortality and a high rate of birth. Because of famine, there was a serious condition.1911 to 1921 period decreasing the population due to incurable diseases

  • There was a decrease in the rate of population in 1911-21 because of several reasons; 

    • Inadequate healthcare 
    • Improper post-natal care for the mother and child 
    • High mortality rate
    • Natural calamities like famines 


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