What is the Women's Movement in India?

By Mandeep Kumar|Updated : November 10th, 2022

The 19th-century social change development can be linked to the start of the women's movement in India. According to Maitrayee Chaudhuri, the Indian women's movement was founded by men before women joined. This is in contrast to the Western feminist movement. A few years later, a women-led movement known as feminism emerged in Maharashtra.

Women's Movement in India

Women’s movement in India has its root in backward traditions like child marriage, sati, ill-treatment of widows to the issues of domestic violence, rape, dowry, sexual harassment at work, unequal pay at work, unequal division of labour, and low representation in politics at present.

The important issues covered by the Women’s Movement in India are:

  • Demand for education
  • Discrimination based on traditional practices
  • Right to hold public offices
  • Issues of equal voting rights

The significant impact of the Women’s Movement is reflected in the formation of institutions like the National Commission for Women, policies like the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005, the Harassment of Women at Workplace Act, 2013, Maternity Benefit Act. etc.

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FAQs on Women's Movement in India

  • The rise of social transformation in the 19th century can be linked to the start of the women's movement in India. Males started the Indian women's movement before women joined, claims Maitrayee Chaudhuri.

  • Pandita Ramabai led the women's movement in India. The women’s movement in India aims at defining, establishing, and defending equal economic, political, and social rights and opportunities for women in India.

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