What is the Swaminathan report?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 4th, 2022

The Swaminathan Report indulges the findings and recommendations related to the productivity of agriculture, farmer competitiveness, employment, food security, irrigation, credit, and insurance. Suggestions to achieve the goal of “faster and inclusive growth” were given in this Report.

Swaminathan Report

  • In the 1960s, a plant geneticist, M.S. Swaminathan, helped design and lead the Green Revolution, a massive development effort that brought food self-sufficiency to India, which had suffered decades of deadly famines, within a few years.
  • The loss of the Vajpayee government in 2004 served as a warning by Manmohan Singh to the next regime and formed a commission headed by agricultural scientist MS Swaminathan.
  • The Swaminathan Commission identified certain causes of farm problems. These are:
    • Water quantity and quality
    • Land reform Unfinished agenda
    • Technology fatigue
    • Opportunities for assured and profitable marketing
    • Access, adequacy, and timeliness of institutional credit
    • Adverse meteorological factors exacerbate these problems
  • The National Commission for Farmers (NCF) was constituted on 18 November 2004 under the leadership of Professor M.S. Swaminathan and submitted four reports in December 2004, August 2005, December 2005, and April 2006.

Summary:

What is the Swaminathan report?

The Swaminathan Report aims to make agriculture a source of income and jobs and bring about a comprehensive and sustainable shift in farming practices. The fifth and final report was submitted on 4 October 2006, which focused on the causes of distress of farmers and the rise in suicides and recommended addressing them through a holistic national policy for farmers.

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