What is the Simple Majority?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 3rd, 2022

A simple majority refers to a majority of more than 50% of the members present and voting in the House. It is also known as Functional or Working majority. It is the most commonly used type of majority.

Example: Considering 45 members are absent, and 100 members abstained from voting, out of 545 members in the Lok Sabha. So, there are 400 members present for voting. The simple majority needed is 201.

Use of Simple Majority

A simple majority is required:

  • To pass a Motion to Adjourn/Motion of No Confidence/Motion to Deny/Motion with Confidence
  • To declare a financial emergency
  • Declare President's Rule
  • To elect the Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha



What is the Simple Majority?

A simple majority is the majority of more than 50% of members present for voting in the House. It is the common type of majority, also called Working or Functional majority. A constitutional amendment bill under Article 368, which the states must ratify, needs only a simple majority in the state legislatures, etc. The parliament takes all major decisions in a parliamentary democracy. For a bill to be passed, the parliament must approve it by a majority.


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