What is the Scientific Study of Weather Called?

By Shivank Goel|Updated : September 6th, 2022

Meteorology is the study of weather, and a meteorologist is someone who conducts meteorological research. The area of atmospheric sciences known as meteorology places a strong emphasis on forecasting the weather. Additionally, it incorporates atmospheric physics and chemistry. Though meteorology has been studied for thousands of years, it wasn't until the 18th century that significant advancements in the field were made.

The Scientific Study of Weather in India

The area of atmospheric sciences known as meteorology places a strong emphasis on forecasting the weather. Additionally, it incorporates atmospheric physics and chemistry.

  • Meteorology is credited to Aristotle as its originator.
  • The words meteorology, which means "the study of objects high in the air," come from the Ancient Greek words meteor and logia.
  • Agriculture, transportation, the armed forces, construction, and energy generation are just a few of the many diverse industries where meteorology is used.
  • Meteorology, atmospheric chemistry, atmospheric physics, and climatology are the subfields of the atmospheric sciences.
  • There are several ways to measure the atmosphere, including satellites, ships, radar, aeroplanes, weather stations, ships, buoys, and weather balloons.
  • The description of the hydrologic cycle is one of meteorology's most notable contributions.
  • Global scale, mesoscale, microscale, and synoptic scale are the four meteorological scales.

Weather Forecasting

  • Utilizing science and technology to forecast atmospheric conditions at a specific time and location is known as weather forecasting.
  • Meteorology is used to predict how the atmosphere will change, and quantitative information about the atmosphere's current condition at a specific location is gathered to provide weather forecasts.
  • The US spent about $5.1 billion on weather forecasting in 2009, yet it is believed that it gained six times as much in return. As a result, weather forecasting is vital to the economy.
  • Agriculture, marine, military, forestry, air traffic, commercial businesses, and utility firms are just a few of the industries that gain from weather forecasting.

India Meteorological Department (IMD) – Meteorology, Weather Forecasting

  • The India Meteorological Department is the main organisation in India in charge of weather forecasting, seismology, and meteorological observations (IMD).
  • One of the six Regional Specialized Meteorological Centers of the World Meteorological Organization is the India Meteorological Department (IMD).
  • The headquarters of the India Meteorological Department (IMD) is in New Delhi.
  • The regional offices of the India Meteorological Department (IMD) are located in Mumbai, Nagpur, Guwahati, Chennai, and Kolkata.
  • IMD is in charge of managing hundreds of observation stations in both India and Antarctica.
  • The Government of India's Ministry of Earth Sciences oversees the operations of the India Meteorological Department (IMD).
  • IMD works with organisations, including the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, the National Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasting, and the National Institute of Ocean Technology.

Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM)

  • The Institute of Tropical Meteorology, now known as the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM), was initially established.
  • It was established on November 17th, 1962, in Pune.
  • It has been governed by the Ministry of Earth Sciences since 2006.
  • The Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM) is primarily in charge of weather forecasts, earthquake detection, and meteorological observations in India.
  • As of January 2018, Pratyush, which has a top performance of 6.8 petaflops, is the fastest supercomputer in India. The Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM) in Pune created and built the supercomputer Pratyush.

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FAQs

  • Meteorology is the study of the atmosphere, atmospheric phenomena, and atmospheric effects on our weather. The atmosphere is the gaseous layer of the physical environment that surrounds a planet.

  • Meteorology is important because of how the quality of the air affects life. First and foremost, weather forecasting is essential to urban management. To avoid calamities, cities prepare for extreme weather events like tornadoes and snowstorms. Second, it's crucial for agriculture to foresee long-term weather patterns.

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