The Scientific Study of Weather in India
The area of atmospheric sciences known as meteorology places a strong emphasis on forecasting the weather. Additionally, it incorporates atmospheric physics and chemistry.
- Meteorology is credited to Aristotle as its originator.
- The words meteorology, which means "the study of objects high in the air," come from the Ancient Greek words meteor and logia.
- Agriculture, transportation, the armed forces, construction, and energy generation are just a few of the many diverse industries where meteorology is used.
- Meteorology, atmospheric chemistry, atmospheric physics, and climatology are the subfields of the atmospheric sciences.
- There are several ways to measure the atmosphere, including satellites, ships, radar, aeroplanes, weather stations, ships, buoys, and weather balloons.
- The description of the hydrologic cycle is one of meteorology's most notable contributions.
- Global scale, mesoscale, microscale, and synoptic scale are the four meteorological scales.
- Utilizing science and technology to forecast atmospheric conditions at a specific time and location is known as weather forecasting.
- Meteorology is used to predict how the atmosphere will change, and quantitative information about the atmosphere's current condition at a specific location is gathered to provide weather forecasts.
- The US spent about $5.1 billion on weather forecasting in 2009, yet it is believed that it gained six times as much in return. As a result, weather forecasting is vital to the economy.
- Agriculture, marine, military, forestry, air traffic, commercial businesses, and utility firms are just a few of the industries that gain from weather forecasting.
India Meteorological Department (IMD) – Meteorology, Weather Forecasting
- The India Meteorological Department is the main organisation in India in charge of weather forecasting, seismology, and meteorological observations (IMD).
- One of the six Regional Specialized Meteorological Centers of the World Meteorological Organization is the India Meteorological Department (IMD).
- The headquarters of the India Meteorological Department (IMD) is in New Delhi.
- The regional offices of the India Meteorological Department (IMD) are located in Mumbai, Nagpur, Guwahati, Chennai, and Kolkata.
- IMD is in charge of managing hundreds of observation stations in both India and Antarctica.
- The Government of India's Ministry of Earth Sciences oversees the operations of the India Meteorological Department (IMD).
- IMD works with organisations, including the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, the National Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasting, and the National Institute of Ocean Technology.
Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM)
- The Institute of Tropical Meteorology, now known as the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM), was initially established.
- It was established on November 17th, 1962, in Pune.
- It has been governed by the Ministry of Earth Sciences since 2006.
- The Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM) is primarily in charge of weather forecasts, earthquake detection, and meteorological observations in India.
- As of January 2018, Pratyush, which has a top performance of 6.8 petaflops, is the fastest supercomputer in India. The Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM) in Pune created and built the supercomputer Pratyush.