What is the Rowlatt Act in points?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 3rd, 2022

The Rowlatt Act was described as oppressive and diabolical by Indian freedom warriors. In 1919, the Rowlatt Act was adopted. It was a deliberate move to silence the political activists who could be detained by the police for two years without being tried. To express opposition to this Act, the Rowlatt Satyagraha was started.

Significance of Rowlatt Act (1919)

  • The 1919 Anarchical and Revolutionary Crimes Act, as it is officially named.
  • By the Imperial Legislative Council in March 1919.
  • This statute gave the British government the go-ahead to detain anyone suspected of terrorist activity.
  • Additionally, it gave the government permission to hold such people in custody for up to two years without a trial.
  • It gave the police permission to search without a warrant.
  • The freedom of the press was likewise severely constrained.
  • The Rowlatt Committee, headed by Sir Sidney Rowlatt, a judge and the act's namesake, recommended that the act be passed.
  • Both Indian politicians and the general people strongly denounced the action. The currency became known as "black banknotes."
  • The act was approved over the unanimous objection of the Indian council members, who all tendered their resignations in displeasure. They included Mazhar Ul Haq, Madan Mohan Malviya, and Mohammed Ali Jinnah.

Summary:

What is the Rowlatt Act in points?

  • The Rowlatt Act was passed in 1919.
  • Indian freedom fighters criticised the Rowlatt Act as being harsh and evil.
  • It was done on purpose to intimidate the political activists.
  • Police might hold political activists in custody for up to two years before bringing them to justice.
  • The Rowlatt Satyagraha started to protest against this Act.

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