What is the Role of Women in the Panchayati Raj System?

By Shivank Goel|Updated : September 5th, 2022

Women acquire the positions as members of the Panchayats and also Chairpersons of the respective Panchayats in their area. Involving women in the administration and development of the nation was the major concern and reason behind the inclusion of women in the Panchayati Raj System in India.

The Constitution (73rdAmendment) Act, 1992 (or simply the Panchayati Raj Act) introduced the three-tier Panchayati Raj system, which paved the way for women in the system as well. It wished to ensure the participation of women and the public in general in rural reconstruction. The Panchayati Raj Act came into force on April 24, 1993. The Act demands reservation of selected posts for women.

Role of Women in the Panchayats

While the Panchayati Raj Act requires reservation of seats for women for a few selected posts in the Panchayati Raj system, it also requires the newly joined women candidates in the Panchayats to acquire few skills and training through training institutions with the help of the Ministry of Rural Development which provides financial assistance for the same.

There are a few roles that women have to play in Panchayats, such as:

  • Taking part in the elections
  • Participation in major decision making
  • Aiming for reduced violence toward women
  • Participating in rural development
  • Becoming an agent of social revolution
  • Taking steps towards reducing corruption and violence

Related Questions:-


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  • The Panchayati Raj Act was enforced on April 24, 1993.

  • Yes, very much. The Panchayati Raj Act maintains that few seats are reserved for women selected posts.

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