What is the Purest Form of Carbon?

By Harshal Vispute|Updated : July 11th, 2022

A carbon atom with the number 6 is one of the most important elements we encounter daily. One of the elements that exhibit allotropy is carbon. There are two types of carbon allotropes: amorphous and crystalline. Due to its propensity to have multiple oxidation states or coordination numbers, carbon is one of the few elements with various allotropic forms.

Diamond and graphite are two well-known crystalline forms of carbon. H.W. Kroto, R.F. Curl, and E. Smalley identified fullerenes as the third form of carbon in 1985. In 1996, they received the Nobel Prize for this discovery.

What is Fullerene?

By heating graphite in an electric arc, fullerenes can be produced in the presence of inert gases such as helium or argon. The sooty substance formed when vaporized Cn small molecules condense primarily consists of C60, with minor amounts of C70 and traces of fullerenes. Fullerenes, which don't have any dangling bonds and have a smooth structure, are the cleanest form of carbon. Cage-like molecules are fullerenes. Buckminsterfullerene, a shape resembling a soccer ball, is a property of the molecule C60.


What is the Purest Form of Carbon?

The purest form of carbon, according to recent discoveries, is fullerene. As opposed to diamond and graphite, they do not contain surface bonds that can be drawn to by other atoms.

Pure carbons called fullerenes have 60 carbon atoms and are shaped like hollow soccer balls. Our body only uses this kind of pure molecular carbon.

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What is the Purest Form of Carbon FAQ's

  • Allotropes of carbon include fullerenes, graphite, and diamond. All of them merely include carbon, however, they all have various structures. For instance, graphite is made up of many layers of single-layered carbon that are held together by the attraction of stray vials. Diamond is a tetrahedron-shaped material made of carbon bonded to one another. Carbons that have been joined together to form a ball-like or tubular shape are known as fullerenes.

  • They are both allotropes of the same chemical element C and are both pure forms of carbon.

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