What is the most important function of the Parliament?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 7th, 2022

The primary function of Parliament is to make laws to govern the country. It has exclusive power to legislate on entities listed in the Union List and residual entities (i.e., entities not listed in any of the three lists). As regards the Concurrent List, Parliament has superior powers; that is, in case of conflict between them, the law of Parliament prevails over the law of the State Legislature.

Important Function Of The Parliament

  • India has adopted a parliamentary form of Government that maintains a harmonious relationship between the executive and the legislature.
  • Parliament is the highest legislative body and the most important wing of the Government, performing many other essential functions in addition to making laws.
  • Thus, Parliament is a multi-functional institution that, according to the Constitution of India, consists of the President, the Lok Sabha, and the Rajya Sabha (Article 79).
  • The Parliament's most essential and primary function is legislative activity, i.e., creating laws for the country's benefit.
  • It was vested with powers to legislate on all subjects listed in the Union and Concurrent Lists.
  • Under certain circumstances, he can also issue laws on subjects of the State List.
  • Parliament also has legislative power over residual entities.
  • Another vital function of the Parliament is the constituent function, i.e., the power of amendment to the Constitution.

Summary:

What is the most important function of the Parliament?

Making laws to manage the nation is the most important function of the Parliament, and the power to modify the Constitution is a constituent function of the Parliament. It was given the authority to enact laws on all topics covered by the Union List and Concurrent List.

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