Purpose of Botanical Gardens
- Herbaria and research programs in botanical science are frequently related to botanical gardens, which universities or other scientific research institutions frequently manage.
- An unprecedented plant diversity loss is currently occurring, negatively impacting ecosystem services.
- Due to many destructive practices, such as overharvesting, destructive agricultural, forestry practices, urbanisation, environmental pollution, and global climate change, about one-third of the world's vascular plant species are in danger of going extinct.
- As a result, we must work harder to create integrative conservation strategies to preserve plant species.
- This mini-review provides a framework for the integrated missions of botanical gardens, which include scientific investigation, in-situ and ex situ conservation, the use of plant resources, and citizen science.
- Reviewing the Kunming Botanical Garden's development over the past 80 years, we demonstrate effective species conservation techniques, citizen science, and scientific research.
- Examples include projects involving Camellia, Rhododendron, Magnolia, Begonia, Allium, Nepenthes, medicinal plants, ornamental plants, and Plant Species with Extreme Small Populations.
What is the main purpose of botanical gardens?
In botanical gardens, plant species are studied and conserved. Along with indigenous plant species, it displays plant species worldwide. These gardens play a critical role in meeting human needs and fostering well-being.