What is the Longitudinal and Latitudinal extent of India?

By meenakshi|Updated : August 19th, 2022

The longitudinal and latitudinal extent of India extends from the north of the equator between 68° 7′ and 97° 25′ east longitude and 37°6′N to 8°4′N north latitude. The Longitudinal extent of India from the west end of Gujarat (68°7′E) to the east end of Arunachal Pradesh (97°25′E). The latitudinal extent is from the north end of Kashmir (37°6′N) to the south end of Kanniyakumari (8°4′N).

Longitudinal and Latitudinal extent of India

India is situated in the world’s northern hemisphere. A detailed explanation of the longitudinal and latitudinal extent of India is as under-

  • The Latitude extends from the south to north through the mainland between 8°4’N and 37°6’N. 
  • The Longitude extends from the west to the east between 68°7’E and 97°25’E longitudes.
  • The distance between the consecutive longitudes decreases on moving towards the poles i.e, 111km at the equator and zero at the poles while the distance between two latitudes does not change and remains the same i.e., 111km. 
  • Tropic of Cancer crosses 8 states of India, covering almost half of the country which is at the north of the Equator. 
  • India experiences a huge difference in the local time at extreme ends because of a difference of 29° between longitudes (Approx 2 hrs). 

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FAQs on Longitudinal and Latitudinal extent of India

  • The Longitudinal extent of India from the west end of Gujarat to the east end of Arunachal Pradesh is between 68°7′E to 97°25′E. The distance between two longitudes is 111km at the equator and gradually decreases towards the poles to zero.

  • The latitudinal extent of India from the north end of Kashmir to the south end of Kanniyakumari is between 37°6′N to 8°4′N. The distance between two latitudes is 111km and remains the same throughout.

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