Smallest Populated Country in the World
The Vatican City State is an independent city-state located within Rome in Italy. The Lateran Treaty, signed on February 11, 1929, established the modern city-state of Vatican City. The Vatican is the smallest country by area, spanning just 0.49 square kilometers, and is also the least populated country in the world. Vatican City is the headquarters of the Roman Catholic Church, where the Pope resides. The Vatican City is governed by the Holy See.
One of the most important sources of money for Vatican City’s economy is tourism. The Official Language of the State is Italian, and the currency is Euro (€). St. Peter's Basilica, the largest church in the world is situated in the least populated country of the world.