What is Khalistan Issue?
The Sikh separatist movement known as Khalistan aspires to create a Sikh nation inside the Punjab region. The territory that currently makes up Punjab, Pakistan and Punjab, India, would make up the proposed state.
When religious militant leader Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale and his armed followers took control of the Golden Temple, the Khalistan conflict reached a boiling point. This led to the initiation of "Operation Blue Star" by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, which resulted in the murders of Bhindranwale and his supporters as well as significant damage to the Golden Temple. After that, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was killed by her own Sikh bodyguards.
For a number of reasons, including a stern police crackdown on separatists, factional conflict, and disillusionment among the Sikh populace, the insurgency waned and the movement failed to achieve its goal in the 1990s.