What is the Distinguishing Feature of a Federal Government?

By Shivank Goel|Updated : August 26th, 2022

The distinguishing feature of a Federal Government is that the power is usually divided between a central government and various regional governments.

  • When talking about matters related to legislation, taxation, and administration, each level of the government has its own sway or authority.
  • In case of any kind of changes in the provisions of the Indian constitution, both governments need to approve.
  • Financial independence is also ensured by specifying the revenue sources for each tier of government.

Federal Government in India

Federalism is part of the basic structure and framework of the Constitution of India that can not be changed or modified in any way. Federalism refers to the relationship between the Central and State governments of India. The Supreme Court possesses the power to settle matters between the state governments.

The legislative powers under the Federal structure of India have been divided into three lists: 

  • Union List
  • State List
  • Concurrent List

India also grants 'economic federalism' as the state governments have the right to decide upon their finances.

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FAQs

  • Yes. The Indian constitution fairly adopts the Federal structure with respect to the powers vested in the state.

  • The legislative powers under the Federal structure of India have been divided into three lists: Union List, State List, Concurrent List.

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