What is the Difference Between the Solicitor and Attorney General of India?
The Solicitor General of India is inferior to the Indian Attorney General. Together with the Attorney General and Additional Solicitors General for India, they perform the duties of the country's second law enforcement officer. In accordance with the Law Officers (Terms and Conditions) Rules, 1972, the Solicitor General and the Additional Solicitors General counsel the Government and represent the Union of India in court, much like the Attorney General for India does.
The positions of Solicitor General and Additional Solicitors General are only statutory, while the position of Attorney General for India is one that is guaranteed by Article 76 of the Indian Constitution. The Solicitor General is formally appointed by the Appointments Committee of the Cabinet (ACC), who also makes a recommendation for the position.
The proposal for the appointment of the Solicitor General and Additional Solicitor General is typically moved at the level of Joint Secretary/Law Secretary in the Department of Legal Affairs. Once the Minister of Law & Justice has given his or her approval, the proposal then moves to the ACC and then the president.
The Attorney General of India supervises the Solicitor General. The Law Officers (Conditions of Service) Rules, 1987 outline the responsibilities of the Solicitor General.