The difference between the negative and positive conceptions of liberty is that negative liberty for an individual means complete freedom without any interference from external sources, and positive liberty means freedom with certain restrictions imposed by the government or society.
Liberty is an important privilege for an individual living in a society, but the existence of both positive and negative forms of liberty is equally important in a civilized society. Liberty is another word for freedom and freedom without control may lead to some negative consequences. According to the modern definition of liberty, it is the position to stay freely in a society without any control over or restrictions forced by any authority on an individual's way of life or their opinions on various social and political matters.
Differences between Negative and Positive Liberty
Freedom with zero external interference
Freedom with certain restraints from the society/government
Concerns those areas or domains of an individual's life that should not be violated
Concerned more with the social behavior of an individual