What is the Difference Between Jagirdar and Zamindar?

By K Balaji|Updated : August 18th, 2022

The difference between a Jagirdar and a Zamindar is that the Jagirdar belonged to the feudal class which was responsible for collecting taxes and the Zamindar belonged to the nobility and basically formed the ruling class. The ‘Jagirdars’ received their salary as part of the taxes/revenue that they collected and the ‘Zamindars’ were actually the holders of the revenue rights being the large landowners.

The ‘Jagirdari’ system was initially introduced by the Delhi Sultanate in the 13th century which continued during the Mughal Empire. A ‘Zamindar’ on the other hand, as the name suggests was the owner of large land (Zameen) with whole proprietary rights. These are some of the differences between a Jagirdar and a Zamindar.

Difference between Jagirdar and Zamindar

  • A Jagirdar is the holder or a temporary owner of a ‘jagir’ handed over to him in lieu of certain duties (judicial or otherwise).
  • A Zamindar is usually an owner of large land/s handed over to him as part of his heritage.
  • Jagirdar paid his own salary in a way, in the form of the taxes/revenue he collected,the remaining part of which went to the Mughal Treasury. A Zamindar held the revenue rights and could receive the revenue. A Zamindar was also required to render military services and provide soldiers for the royal army.
  • In most of the parts of northern India, Zamindar was the one considered as the cultivator of the soil or one of the joint owners holding village lands in common as joint heirs.

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FAQs

  • Yes, surely. The main difference between a Jagirdar and a Zamindar is that a Jagirdar holds a part of the land in exchange for particular duties, including tax collection, whereas a Zamindar is the one who is a hereditary owner of large lands and holds revenue rights.

  • Yes, of course. There was a major difference between a Jagirdar and a Zamindar when it came to nobility or noble class. The Jagirdars did not belong to the nobility whereas the Zamindars did directly belong to the noble class being owners of large lands in heredity.

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