What is the Difference Between ISRO and NASA?

By Durga Prashanna Mishra|Updated : December 30th, 2022

The difference between ISRO and NASA is that NASA is the civilian space program for aeronautical and aerospace research in the US, while ISRO is the premier space agency of India. NASA, which stands for National Aeronautics and Space Administration, is based in the United States of America. On the other hand, ISRO stands for Indian Space Research Organization and is based in India.

Difference Between ISRO and NASA

ISRO vs NASA is based on their year of establishment, origin, headquarters, and achievements attained by them. The key differences between ISRO and NASA are briefly explained in the table given below:





National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Indian Space Research Organization

Established in



Country of Origin

United States of America



Nation's civilian space program and for aeronautics and aerospace research.

Primary space agency of India


NASA replaced NACA (National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics)

ISRO replaced INCOSPAR (Indian National Committee for Space Research)


United States Government

Department of Space, Government of India


Washington, D.C., USA

Bangalore, India


NASA has launched 1091 unmanned space satellites and 109 manned missions satellites to various planets in the Solar System

Launched satellite Rohini by SLV-3, the first-ever Indian-made launch vehicle

The Skylab space station

ISRO Built India's first satellite, Aryabhata

Apollo 1: 1st spaceflight to the moon

Chandrayaan-1, ISRO, sent its first mission to the Moon.

Hubble space telescope: the biggest telescope launched in the earth's lower orbit in 1990.

ISRO launched its Mars Orbiter Mission in 2013

Supports the International Space Station

Developed the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV)

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